Fiber optic communication engineering construction in the laying of fiber optic cable lines
In the construction process of fiber optic communication engineering, the laying of fiber optic cable lines is an essential part of the construction process, which has a substantial impact on the overall construction quality and application effect of fiber optic communication engineering.
Optical fiber communication has a profound impact on modern society and the economy. Based on the crucial role of fiber optic communication engineering in the current social and economic development and construction, countries worldwide are vigorously developing fiber optic communication engineering and attach great importance to the construction of fiber optic communication projects.
As one of the most critical aspects of the construction process of fiber optic communication projects, the laying steps of fiber optic cable lines are different from those of general cables, and scientific and reasonable construction methods and testing methods must be adapted according to the construction purpose of fiber optic communication projects and the quality of fiber optics.
It can be seen that the laying of fiber optic cable lines needs to start from the design of the construction plan until the laying construction is perfect, project inspection and to ensure that the project quality standards, in this process, must develop a scientific, reasonable, detailed and rigorous engineering construction program, and in strict accordance with the specific requirements of the agenda for the laying of fiber optic cable lines construction, which is to ensure the quality of fiber optic communication engineering construction, improve the level of fiber optic communication engineering construction This is an important measure to ensure the quality of the structure of fiber optic communication projects and enhance the level of fiber optic communication engineering. This is an important measure to ensure the quality of the construction of fiber optic communication projects and to improve the level of fiber optic communication projects.
What is a Fiber Optic Communication Network?
In the 1970s, fiber optic communication technology emerged. The United States is the birthplace of fiber optic communication technology; since the rapid development of fiber optic communication technology, its mode has also changed from the early multi-mode form to the single-mode form, constantly changing.
In addition, the length and wavelength of optical fiber communication technology have been significantly improved with the development of this technology. In terms of functionality, fiber optic communication technology is now being used to meet the requirements of full network fiber optic communication.
Generally speaking, the primary purpose of establishing a fiber optic communication system is to achieve two functions: one is to be able to transport photoelectric signals effectively; the other is to control the communication signals effectively.
During the operation of the fiber optic network, its structure mainly includes three parts, which are also the three levels of the fiber optic network, namely the core layer, the convergence layer, and the access layer.
Among them, the core layer is the core of the fiber optic network and is the essential part of its structure.
The core layer is generally constructed using a ring structure that allows for practical data analysis according to the specific requirements of different time periods and fully meets each time period’s data and information needs.
Note that when building a fiber-optic network, it is essential to ensure that the amount of use reaches a certain standard of readiness, and then according to the overall security and stability of the network development needs, to develop a scientific and reasonable construction plan, to effectively ensure that the fiber-optic network can play a full role in the development and construction of the communications field, playing a vital driving force.
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Why do we need Fiber Optic Networks?
Optical fiber is a perfect medium for transmitting the information. Since its application, developed countries have conducted in-depth research into optical fiber to explore practical ways of reducing signal attenuation losses in optical fiber transmission. In 1970, scientists in the United States made a significant breakthrough in optical fiber technology, which led to a qualitative change in the way the United States communicated and also marked the beginning of the widespread use of visual fiber communication in people’s daily lives.
As science and technology continued to advance, the depth and scope of research in the field of fiber optics continued to expand, and more in-depth analysis was conducted into the stability and low power consumption of fiber optic communication technology. This has led to the improvement of fiber optic communication technology, a significant reduction in construction and operating costs, and the widespread use of fiber optic communication, making fiber optic cable the most critical communication carrier in the modern communications sector.
Modern science and technology are constantly updating and advancing, which has contributed to the further development of fiber optic cables and optimized their application. Although significant progress has been made in the research and construction of fiber optic communication and fiber optic cables, and fiber optic communication has become one of the primary means of communication in people’s daily lives and social and economic production and construction, there are still many problems in the construction of fiber optic communication projects, which have caused certain obstacles to the practical application of fiber optic communication projects.
Therefore, it is still necessary to carry out in-depth research and development of optical fiber communication engineering and constantly optimize the construction of optical fiber communication engineering to improve the development and progress of the communication field and play an active role.
Especially for the laying of optical fiber lines, as an essential link in the construction of optical fiber communication engineering, the laying of optical fiber lines has a vital impact on the quality of optical fiber communication engineering construction.
Therefore, optical cable line laying in the construction of fiber optic communication engineering construction process occupies a critical position. It must be studied in depth and constantly optimized the level of optical cable line laying to ensure and enhance the level of fiber optic communication engineering construction, laying a solid foundation to provide crucial essential protection.
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Fiber Optic Communication engineering construction in the Fiber Optic Cable line laying pre-test preparation
In the construction of fiber optic communication engineering construction process, the laying of optical cable lines is a significant construction project. And to ensure the quality of laying fiber optic cable lines, one must do an excellent job of pre-preparation, which substantially impacts the construction of laying fiber optic cable lines.
Preliminary preparatory work is to ensure the smooth progress of the laying of optical cable lines, to ensure the necessary preconditions for the quality of construction, and as a vital safeguard measure.
To effectively prevent the construction of optical cable line laying construction process of various problems, the delayed schedule must do an excellent job of the preliminary preparatory work. And in the pre-preparation work of the laying of optical cable lines, first of all, the cable route must be retested, which is a crucial measure to ensure the quality of the laying of optical cable lines construction.
Fiber optic cable route retesting on the construction of fiber optic communication engineering has a strong impact and is one of the critical measures in the entire project construction process.
The specific method of fiber optic cable route retest is the actual height between the location of the route and the ground as a basis to effectively control the construction process of laying fiber optic cable lines and strictly control the quality of fiber optic cable.
In addition, in the cable routing review work, its essential basis is the construction drawings, which must be based on the specific requirements of the construction drawings, the details of the construction process of fiber optic communication projects, and repeated review to effectively ensure the construction quality and safety and reliability of fiber optic communication projects.
In the laying of fiber-optic cable lines, its construction focus and difficulty is the practical survey of the laying site to provide good preparation for the laying of fiber-optic cable lines according to the site conditions, including accurate measurement of the ground and the height of the route, etc., to provide accurate and practical data information as a reference basis and standard for the later laying of fiber-optic cable lines.
When carrying out the optical cable line retest, we need to pay attention to the construction environment and design environment changes. If the light laying method has changed, it will have a particular impact on the fiber optic cable route retesting work.
Therefore, several aspects of information need to be explored in advance in laying fiber optic cable lines.
First, you must understand the accuracy of the construction drawings and a detailed understanding of the location, length, and other information on the routing in the pictures.
Secondly, it is necessary to understand the construction environment and objective conditions for the laying of fiber-optic cable lines; finally, it is essential to determine the specific location of the installation machinery for laying the guide wheel.
Only after determining this information can the optical cable routing retesting work be carried out to ensure the smooth implementation of the optical cable routing retesting work, which is an essential prerequisite for ensuring the readiness of the retest and is also one of the critical elements of the preliminary preparation work.
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Fiber Optic Communication engineering construction of Fiber Optic Cable line laying technology methods
Fiber Optic Cable routing retest
Before starting the laying of fiber optic cable lines, the entire route must be carefully checked; check the content mainly includes the following aspects.
Firstly, the construction project’s drawing scheme must be strictly inspected, mainly comparing the specific situation at the construction site and whether it is in line with the requirements in the drawings.
Secondly, a scientific and reasonable assessment of the problems encountered during construction must be made in accordance with the construction plan proposed in the construction drawings. The results of this assessment will be an essential construction reference in the specific construction process.
Once again, the actual distance of the route must be measured to provide a real reference for the distribution and laying of the fiber optic cable.
Finally, after the route has been retested, some of the information has to be checked again and again. This part of the information mainly includes the route information marked in the construction drawings, the space reserved for the installation and operation of machinery and equipment information, and geographical information on the location of the cable connection, such as topography, environmental conditions, and so on.
Distribution Plate and Fiber Optic Cable quality inspection
In the construction of fiber optic communication engineering and laying of fiber optic cable lines, one of the key technical points is that the length of the distribution plate and applying section of the fiber optic cable must be controlled scientifically and reasonably. For the effective control of the fiber optic distribution plate, the actual length of the fiber optic cable needs to be scientifically and accurately calculated, as a basis, to ensure the effective control of the fiber optic cable distribution plate.
At the same time, for the effective control of the length of the cable laying section, it is necessary to carry out a scientific and reasonable calculation of its length according to the relevant information in the design drawings to ensure that the calculation results are true and accurate, and then effectively control the size of the laying section, reasonably carry out the laying of optical cable lines to prevent the waste of resources, laying construction does not meet the drawings to note, extend the construction period, increase costs and other issues.
The distribution plate is an indispensable and essential part of the laying of fiber optic cable lines, and its central role is to be able to significantly reduce the number of connections in the fiber optic cable lines to ensure the quality of the cable line design. At the same time, it can also ensure that each part of the optical cable can retain sufficient length for the smooth implementation of the later laying work to do an excellent job of protection.
In addition, the application of the distribution board can also provide convenience for the testing and maintenance of the optical cable line in the later stage, which can make the quality of the optical cable be effectively controlled to ensure that the visual cable line in the actual application, can give full play to its functional role to ensure the regular operation of the optical fiber communication project. Note that these quality control measures must be completed before the laying of the visual cable line.
In addition to these quality control steps, but also the fiber optic cable factory qualification certificate, the appearance of the fiber optic cable for strict inspection, if necessary, the use of optical time domain reflection technology, and the characteristics of the fiber optic cable to test and determine, effectively ensure the quality of the fiber optic cable, to ensure the smooth implementation of fiber optic cable line laying construction land.
Optical Cable line aerial work
In the process of laying fiber-optic cable lines, aerial work is inevitable. In the optical cable line aerial work, the climate is one of the main factors affecting the aerial work.
Therefore, a field survey must be carried out on the climatic situation of the operating position to avoid affecting the smooth implementation of the laying of fiber optic cable lines and also to avoid affecting the quality of signal transmission.
If lightning is more frequent in optical cable line aerial work, lightning prevention and protection measures must be done for the line and optical cable joints when laying operations are carried out.
If the optical cable line aerial work in the region of wind encounters such a climate, must be the length of the visual cable line for scientific and reasonable nurse calculation to ensure that the optical cable line has good tension, effectively reducing the wind on the optical cable line of the adverse impact, to avoid frequent visual cable line by the windbreak.
In addition, in the operation of aerial erection of optical cable lines, should try to choose lighter quality material, and the actual construction must meet the requirements of the design parameters so as to effectively ensure the quality of the aerial operation of the optical cable lines, effectively improve the quality of the aerial laying of optical cable lines and prevent the occurrence of damage to the optical cable lines.
Fiber Optic Fusion Splicing technology
In the construction of fiber optic cable line laying, fiber optic fusion splicing technology is an indispensable and essential part of the quality of fiber optic cable information transmission and has a strong impact.
Therefore, the application of fiber optic fusion splicing technology for the fiber optic cable line laying construction process must ensure that the operation is accurate. Where necessary, fusion splicing of optical fibers is also carried out using instruments with reasonable accuracy.
Application of fiber optic splicing technology needs to pay attention to must guarantee the fusion point around clean, clean, avoid stains or contamination, but also the size of the fusion point range of scientific and reasonable control, which is to ensure the quality of the application of fiber optic splicing technology is a crucial factor, but also to ensure the quality of the laying of optical cable lines vital technical points.
Fiber Optic Cable inspection
First of all, in the optical cable inspection work, one must do an excellent job of checking, which is the critical content of the visual cable inspection. The so-called verification work is the construction site, the purchase of optical fiber cable for quality inspection.
The inspection includes: the quality of the batch of optical cable certificates, construction design requirements, and the actual situation of the cable is consistent, such as model, length, type, and other circumstances. Through the verification work, to ensure that the quality of the optical cable is qualified and in line with the construction design requirements, the quality of the laying of optical cable lines is an excellent job of essential protection.
Secondly, the appearance of the optical cable for testing is also one of the important work content of the visual cable inspection.
In the inspection of the appearance of the cable, they first need to open the cable packaging to check its appearance, whether there are scratches or damage, but also to see the protective cover and cable ends are intact. The cable must be inspected for soft paste hardening at low temperatures if the cable is filled. The temperature should be set between minus 30 and 50 degrees Celsius during the inspection.
During the inspection process, if the fiber optic cable is found to be substandard, the relevant problems must be recorded in detail and reported to the relevant authorities at the first opportunity.
Finally, the performance of the fiber optic cable should be tested comprehensively to ensure that the performance of the fiber optic cable meets the construction requirements of fiber optic communication projects. The most important role of fiber optic cable is to convey information numbers, but in the actual application, it will produce signal attenuation characteristics.
Therefore, to ensure the quality of signal transmission, the signal attenuation performance of the optical fiber cable must be tested in the amount. Detection, the need to use professional testing instruments to effectively ensure that the degree of signal attenuation of fiber optic cable is in line with the relevant provisions of the requirements.
In addition, the insulation performance of the cable is also one of the critical elements of performance testing, and the excellent insulation performance is to ensure that the line in a unique environment and its performance quality can still meet the design requirements of the key. For the inspection of the cable end, it must be well marked, and to ensure that the mark is visible, but also pay attention to the end to do an excellent job of protection measures.
During the inspection process, it is strictly forbidden to use the fiber optic cable in construction if problems are found, and the quality performance does not meet the construction requirements. It must be overhauled until it is confirmed to be qualified before it can be put into use. After the optical fiber cable inspection, it must be repaired and repackaged to restore it to its original state.
Completion acceptance and verification
When the fiber optic communication project is completed, the project needs to be completed acceptance and verification, which is also the last environment of the construction of fiber optic communication engineering.
The completion acceptance and verification work is the last hurdle to ensure the quality of the construction of fiber optic communication engineering and is also a critical warranty link for fiber optic communication engineering. The work of this link is crucial.
In the complete acceptance and verification construction, staff must do an excellent job of dismantling various materials at a later stage of completion of the building, and also after the completion of the application, the inspection department will issue the relevant certificate to effectively ensure the quality safety and operational stability of the fiber optic communication engineering project. Note that it can be formally put into use only when the fiber optic communication project is officially completed and approved.
When the fiber optic communication engineering project is completed, all construction processes and post-completion acceptance and verification procedures must be checked according to national regulations on the management of fiber optic communication project buildings, while all documentation materials valid for construction must also be thoroughly checked to ensure that the construction process is legally compliant.
In the construction of fiber optic communication lines, in addition to regular supervision, random testing of some of the fiber optic cables that have completed construction is also required. Random testing effectively ensures the construction quality of optical fiber communication lines, and the optical fiber cable has a good signal transmission function.
The optical cable line laying completion acceptance and verification stage must be based on the audit results of a comprehensive assessment of the overall construction quality of the foundation to ensure the quality of optical cable line laying construction is in line with the relevant standard requirements, for the construction of visual cable communication project, laying the foundation, do an excellent job of protection.
Fiber Optic ommunication engineering in the laying of Optical Fiber Cable line precautions
In the process of fiber optic communication construction, to do an excellent job of laying fiber optic cable lines, we must focus on the following considerations to ensure the quality of fiber optic line laying.
Strengthen supervision and management efforts
Optical fiber lines in the specific construction process, the need to arrange special personnel to supervise and manage the construction site. Supervision and management must focus on the details of construction to ensure that the construction personnel is following the relevant technology and standards strictly construction.
The supervisors need to monitor the quality of the construction and, at the same time, improve the safety of the building to a certain extent.
In addition, the construction personnel will be the completion of the laying of optical fiber cable, does not mean the end of construction; the construction unit needs to review the laying of the line again, especially for the construction of easy to appear in the part of the problem, to take key inspection measures, the inspection out of the unqualified part, require immediate rectification, until the construction requirements.
It should be noted that in the construction of optical cable lines, construction may be stopped due to special reasons; when the work is started again must be approved by the relevant departments to start work.
Increase the safety management of the laying of Optical Fiber Cable
When laying optical fiber cable, must do an excellent job of safety management measures to avoid safety accidents. In the specific line laying around must do an excellent job of vigilance measures, set up isolation signs to remind passers-by, to prevent passers-by ignore the construction site, resulting in injuries, which not only delayed the construction schedule but also increase construction costs and even bring disputes.
In addition, construction safety management also includes the protection of fiber optic cable to improve the service life of fiber optic cable before laying a good line survey, avoid corrosive substances, to ensure the quality of the application and the service life of fiber optic cable. For construction safety management, it is also necessary to do an excellent job of construction personnel safety training so that construction personnel to improve their safety awareness and self-protection awareness.
During the construction period, do a good job of checking the construction equipment to ensure its safety and regular operation; when large equipment is in the process, it must leave a safe construction position and operating distance, in strict accordance with the rules and regulations for the operation of machinery and equipment to reduce the probability of safety accidents. At the same time, do an excellent job of emergency planning once the safety accident, to do a quick and timely solution to reduce the impact of safety accidents.
Pay attention to technical management
Fiber optic cable line laying needs to pay attention to technical management. Otherwise, it will cause unavoidable damage to the fiber optic cable. For example, the optical fiber cable must come out from above the optical cable tray and keep a flaccid state.
During the laying construction of fiber optic cables, relevant technical personnel is needed to guide and manage the technical aspects of the site. If the construction personnel on site encounter technical problems, they can consult them to answer their technical questions.
The technical personnel not only have to do an excellent job of technical guidance but also need to supervise the construction technology of the construction personnel, for example, to ensure that the construction technology chosen by the construction personnel meets the requirements of the construction site, because the construction technology chosen differs depending on the construction site environment.
The environment’s temperature has specific requirements when laying optical cables; too cold and too hot will have a particular impact on the quality of the laying of optical cables, so you need to choose the right construction technology to ensure the quality of the laying of optical cables.
In addition, technical personnel can, to a certain extent, also construction of specialized training, improve the technical level of the construction personnel, to ensure that the technical operation skilled.
At the same time, technical personnel should do an excellent job of construction records to ensure that the construction of late problems, there is a certain amount of information reference, and provide a solid basis for construction technology.
Do an excellent job in the communication work of the laying of Optical Fiber Cable
Fiber optic cable laying work is essential municipal work and a people’s livelihood project. Therefore, the laying of optical fiber cables is very important and involves a relatively large number of departments. Information should be exchanged and shared with all departments to ensure the completion of the laying of fiber optic cables.
If any problems arise during construction, communication with all departments should be carried out promptly so that the problems encountered can be studied and discussed together and feasible solutions proposed.
Active communication between departments will not only help to solve construction problems. Still, it will also ensure that the construction period is not delayed and will provide a basis for determining responsibility for accidents.
In addition, it is also necessary to communicate with the residential community or the people to ensure that the laying of fiber-optic cables does not affect the everyday life of and rest of the residents, to avoid conflicts and disputes, thus affecting the smooth development of the work of laying fiber-optic cables.
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Fiber optic communication engineering is an important basic project for national development and construction, and the laying of fiber optic cable lines as the most crucial link in the construction of fiber optic communication engineering is of great significance to the national development and construction. Therefore, we must strictly control the quality of optical cable line construction, do a good job of maintenance and management for the construction of an open information highway, promote the overall structure of the country to achieve sustainable development, and play an essential fundamental role.